Here is a quick snipped on how to benchmark Disk I/O with dd.
$ time sh -c “dd if=/dev/zero of=/home/rchapin/test.zeros bs=1024k count=10000 && sync”
10000+0 records in
10000+0 records out
10485760000 bytes (10 GB) copied, 81.4124 s, 129 MB/s
Will do a write test of 10GB.
You can do a similar test and read from that file generated and write to another file or /dev/null to get an idea of the read speeds.
See the this link for more information.