[SOLVED] Unable to Customize Keyboard Shortcuts for Switching Between More Than 4 Workspaces in GNOME on CentOS 7 or RHEL 7

I am working on a VM that is running GNOME under RHEL 7 and I typically run with 12 workspaces.  The default GNOME install only has the keyboard shortcut configurations up to “Switch to workspace 4”.

It turns out that the solutions is to use the gsettings cli tool to add additional shorcuts.

$ gsettings set org.gnome.desktop.wm.keybindings switch-to-workspace-5 "[\"<ControlF5\"]"
$ gsettings set org.gnome.desktop.wm.keybindings move-to-workspace-5 "[\"<Alt5\"]"
Continue reading “[SOLVED] Unable to Customize Keyboard Shortcuts for Switching Between More Than 4 Workspaces in GNOME on CentOS 7 or RHEL 7”

How to See SELinux Denials That Do Not Show In the audit.log

Or, otherwise know as: SELinux and Silent Denials.

Sometimes when troubleshooting SELinux issues, you will have added new policies for each of the denial causes written to the audit.log, but SELinux will still be denying access . . . and not giving you any further information about it in the audit.log.

Various processes often execute additional system calls that are above an beyond what they need to do for normal operation.  Many of them are blocked, and in order to → Continue reading “How to See SELinux Denials That Do Not Show In the audit.log”

Mounting a Samba Share From Linux Client to Linux Samba Server

In order to be able to access a Samba share on a remote client as a mounted file system execute the following command, as root on the client:

mount -t cifs -o user=<user-on-samba-share,uid=<uid-on-local-macheine,gid=<gid-on-local-machine,rw,workgroup=<your-workgroup//ip/share /mnt/mount-point-dir

You will be prompted for the password for the user defined on the Samba server.

If you are able to authenticate, and then get the following error:

ls: reading directory .: Permission denied

Check the SELinux context type of the directory on → Continue reading “Mounting a Samba Share From Linux Client to Linux Samba Server”

Mocking Static Methods That Return void in Java

This is one of those things that I tend to do on a regular basis . . . but unfortunately don’t remember the details each time, so I am adding it for future reference.

Often, developers will want to mock static methods that return void.  The Mockito and PowerMockito frameworks provide for this, but the syntax isn’t immediately obvious.

Following is an example.

public class SomeClass {
    public static void doSomething(String arg1, int arg2) {
        // Method that does something...
    
Continue reading “Mocking Static Methods That Return void in Java”

Solution for Executing Native Process from Java that Requires sudo

If you are building a Java program that requires the ability to execute native commands on the machine which require sudo it requires some additional considerations other than just writing the Java code.

The problem is that sudo, by default, requires a tty for executing sudo such that a password can entered.  Even if you configure sudoers to grant NOPASSWD access to a specific command you will still get the following error

sudo: sorry, you must have a tty to

Continue reading “Solution for Executing Native Process from Java that Requires sudo”

[SOLVED] Ambari There are no DataNodes to do rolling restarts when there are DataNodes that do need a restart

When maintaining a Hadoop cluster, you will need to restart various service from time-to-time when/if you update Hadoop configurations.

I ran into a problem today with Ambari where I wanted to do a rollling restart of all of my DataNodes, but when I clicked on the “Restart DataNodes” entry in the “Restart” drop down the dialog indicated “There are no DataNodes to do rolling restarts”.

ambari_qa_incorrect_dn_restart_dialog.png

This was clearly incorrect.

ambari_qa_datanode_restart_alert.png

It did not take me too long to figure out that → Continue reading “[SOLVED] Ambari There are no DataNodes to do rolling restarts when there are DataNodes that do need a restart”

[SOLVED] Unable to Connect to ambari-metrics-collector Issues

I was having some issues with the ambari-metrics family of services on a ‘pseudo-distributed’ cluster that I have installed on my workstation.

The symptoms were:

1.  Ambari indicated the following CRITICAL errors in the Ambari Dashboard under the Ambari Metrics section
Connection failed: [Errno 111] Connection refused to rchapin-wrkstn:6188

2.  After attempting to restart the ambari-metrics-collector via either the Ambari Dashboard or through the commandline (# ambari-metrics-collector [stop|start]) you see the following (similar) messages in the ambari-metrics-collector.log

2016-09-02 12:15:37,505 INFO Continue reading “[SOLVED] Unable to Connect to ambari-metrics-collector Issues”

Dynamically Instantiating Classes in Python

A common design pattern is to define a class or list of classeses in configuration such that at runtime the classes can be dynamically instantiated.

I’ve done this before in many other languages and had need to do so today in Python (2.7.11)

It seems as though the clean way to do so is by using the Pyton importlib module.  By using it, it enables you to cleanly dynamically import sub modules

Following is an example:

    import importlib

    klass_1_module = → Continue reading “Dynamically Instantiating Classes in Python”

Java PowerMock Could not reconfigure JMX java.lang.LinkageError Solution

If you are using Mockito and PowerMock to build mocks for your Java tests and you run into the following error:

2016-05-05 17:31:20,204 main ERROR Could not reconfigure JMX java.lang.LinkageError: loader constraint violation: loader (instance of org/powermock/core/classloader/MockClassLoader) previously initiated loading for a different type with name “javax/management/MBeanServer”
        at java.lang.ClassLoader.defineClass1(Native Method)
        at java.lang.ClassLoader.defineClass(ClassLoader.java:760)
        at org.powermock.core.classloader.MockClassLoader.loadUnmockedClass(MockClassLoader.java:238)
        at org.powermock.core.classloader.MockClassLoader.loadModifiedClass(MockClassLoader.java:182)
        at org.powermock.core.classloader.DeferSupportingClassLoader.loadClass(DeferSupportingClassLoader.java:70)
        at java.lang.ClassLoader.loadClass(ClassLoader.java:357)

Simply add the following as a class level annotation:

@PowerMockIgnore( {“javax.management.*”})Continue reading “Java PowerMock Could not reconfigure JMX java.lang.LinkageError Solution”

Blacklisting Kernel Modules

Following is a walkthrough on how to blacklist a kernel module.  The specific example is blacklisting the nouveau driver so that I can install the OEM Nvidia driver.

1. First, blacklist the nouveau driver: Add a line to the textfile /etc/modprobe.d/nouveau-blacklist.conf that contains they keyword ‘blacklist’ and the name of the driver

blacklist nouveau

2. Rebuild the initramfs image file.  First, backup existing initramfs

# mv initramfs-3.10.0-327.18.2.el7.x86_64.img initramfs-3.10.0-327.18.2.el7.x86_64.img_2016-06-09.bak

Build new initramfs
# dracut -v /boot/initramfs-$(uname -r).img $(uname -r)

3. Reboot → Continue reading “Blacklisting Kernel Modules”